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Thursday, January 8, 2015

Out with the old, in with the new

Idiom: Out with the old, in with the new - To change the old for the new. To leave old things or ideas behind and bring in new things or ideas.

Example 1
Jerry:  What are you doing?
Malcom: I’m eating raw spinach with almonds for lunch.
Jerry: That doesn’t look very appetizing.
Malcom: Well, with the new year comes the "Out with the old, in with the new" attitude. No more double cheeseburgers with fries for lunch. It’s spinach salads for the new year and an hour workout at the gym every morning!
Jerry: Really? Well, good luck with that!

Example 2
Kathleen: I’ve made a decision.
Tia: OK.
Kathleen: For the new year, I’m going to break up with Philip.
Tia: But you guys are always breaking up and then getting back together.
Kathleen: Well, this is it. It’s the new year. Out with the old, in with the new. I’m going to ask Javier out on a date. I’ve always thought he was cute and I think we would have a lot of fun.
Tia: You would make a cute couple!

Meaning: “Out with the old, in with the new” means to leave old things or ideas behind and start fresh with new things or ideas. People usually say this at the beginning of a new year or at the beginning of something new.  In the first example, Malcom is throwing out his old habit of eating fast food  and starting to eat healthier food for lunch instead.  In the second example, Kathleen is leaving her old boyfriend behind and looking for a new relationship with someone she can have fun with.

Tuesday, January 6, 2015

To start from scratch

Idiom: To start from scratch - To start something from the very beginning

Context #1
Jen:  I really admire Keisha. She has become a successful restaurant owner in just three years.
Kat: I agree. And did you know that she started from scratch? There were no restaurants in that area and she raised the startup money herself! She even cooked the food on the menu at the beginning until she had more money to hire a cook.
Jen: That’s really impressive! Nowadays, it’s so hard to be successful when starting from scratch. Usually, it’s much easier to just take over a business that is already established.

Context #2
Jack: What’s wrong? You look really sad.
Terri: Oh, I’m just having problems finishing my new book.
Jack: Really? You usually put out a new book every 6 months or so.
Terri: Well, not this time. I had finished about half of the book when my editor told me it was all wrong and didn’t make sense. He told me that I would have to start over again.
Jack: Wow! You had to start from scratch after finishing almost half of the book? That’s tough.
Terri: I know. Hopefully, I can do it a little faster this time.

Meaning: “To start from scratch” means to start something from the very beginning without using anything else as a starting point. 
In context #1, Keisha started her business from scratch, meaning that she started her business new. 
In context #2, Terri had to throw out half of the book she had written and start the book over again from the beginning.